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Koshi Tappu Wildlife

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the flood plain of the Sapta-Koshi in Saptri and Sunsari Districts of eastern Nepal. The area is defined by the eastern and western embankments of the river.Koshi Tappu Reserve, gazetted in 1976, was established mainly to preserve habitat for the remaining population of wild buffalo in Nepal. It is very famous for bird watching.

Koshi Tappu is a rectangular shaped reserve, approximately 10 km wide and 10 km long, stretching northward from the Nepal/India border along the Sapta Koshi River. The Sapta Koshi is one of the three main tributaries of the Ganges.Because of its destructiveness during monsoon floods and attempt has been made to control the waters by constructing 7-10 m high embankments parallel to the river. These prevent lateral spread of the enormous monsoon flow. Control gates at the Koshi Barrage on the border with India act as a dam and also contain the river.Rapid and complete inundation of the reserve to depths ranging from 10 to 300 cm occurs during the monsoon. The river also changes its main course from one season to another.

The vegetation is mainly tall khar-pater grassland with a few pater grassland with a few patches of khair-sissoo (Acacia catechu-Dalbergia sissoo) scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest.The reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of wild buffalo or arna (Bubalus arnee arnee) are found here. They are distinguished from domestic animals by their much bigger horns. Other mammals occurring here are hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer and blue bull.The reserve also assists the local economy by providing fishing permits and allowing the collection of edible fruits and ferns in season.
A total of 280 different species of birds have been recorded in the reserve. These include twenty species of ducks, two species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican. The Koshi Barrage is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds and many species recorded there are not seen elsewhere in Nepal.The endangered Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin have been recorded in the Koshi river.

  • The duration of the trip is 5 Days
  • The trip’s difficulty grade is Easy
  • The best season for the trip is Mar-May, Oct-Dec
  • The highest altitude point of the trip is 2000 m
  • It is very famous for bird watching as it is extremely important as a resting place for migratory birds and many species recorded there are not seen elsewhere in Nepal
  • It is situated on the banks of huge Saptakoshi river, the largest river basin in Nepal
  • It has many endangered species like Gharial crocodile and Gangetic dolphin

Day 01:

Arrival in the morning & brief introduction to the programme. Lunch. Ornithological Walk to see storks, ibeses, snipes, water fowl, birds of prey etc. Evening slideshow presentation on the Reserve\'s natural history followed by a Nepali dinner.

Day 02:

Early breakfast. Full day\'s excursion by boat & 4 wheel drive (with packed lunch) to see waders, water fowl, birds of prey, marsh crocodiles, otters, wild water buffalo and Gangetic dolphins. (Includes a vist to the Pink Tower.) Evening programme of traditional dance followed by BBQ meal.

Day 03:

Breakfast. Bird watching in scrub forest, grasslands and wetlands habitats with packed lunch to see swamp partridges, black-necked storks, buntings, bulbuls, etc. Afternoon (either) continue bird watching (or) take an optional elephant ride to see Arna the wild water buffalo, blue bulls, hog deer, species of fish etc. Evening: stargazing followed by Chinese dinner.

Day 04:

Breakfast. Full day\'s trip by four wheel drive to Chatara to see racquet-tailed drongos, golden-backed woodpeckers, pied hornbills, leaf birds, red-thighed falconets etc. (packed lunch). Continental dinner.

Day 05:

Bird watching around the camp or leisure time. Breakfast. Farewells & departure.


  • Arrival & Departure Transport By private Car/Van /Bus.
  • Three meal during the Trekking (Breakfast, Lunch & Dinner).
  • All Domestic Flights with Airport Tax and/or Private Car/Tourist Bus/Local Bus for the trekking.
  • Accommodation in Tea House during the Trekking in a Tea House Trek.
  • Porter with Insurance. (We provide 1 Porter for 1 Trekker).
  • An English Speaking Trekking Guide with Government Licence Holder.
  • Trekking starting and ending points by Private Car/Tourist Bus/Local Bus.
  • Accommodation in Kathmandu / Pokhara on a twin share bed and breakfast basis.
  • Kathmandu city and trekking maps.
  • Trekking  permit (Conservation fee), TIMS.
  • Insurance for all staffs.


  • International Airfare.
  • Items of a personal nature.
  • Drinks, Dessert and main meals in cities/trekking.
  • Travel Insurance
  • Nepal Visa
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Trip Facts

Duration: 5 Days

Price: N/A

Difficulty: Easy

Atitude : 2000 m

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